CBD Extraction Methods
When it’s time to buy CBD oil online, it’s important to consider the CBD extraction method used before making a purchase. An extraction process is the technique used to pull Cannabinoids from the stalk and stems of the Cannabis plant. There are three common extraction methods used by CBD companies. There’s no undisputed winner when it comes to choosing an extraction method because they all have their positives and negatives.
CO2 CBD Extraction Method
This is the preferred method of extraction for the team at Lynx CBD. The CO2 method, also referred to as Supercritical CO2 extraction, is a process by which the plant is filtered through a series of temperature and pressure controlled chambers. The process begins with liquid CO2 which undergoes an increase in pressure and temperature. At that stage the CO2 is in a “supercritical” state with the gaseous properties of expansion and liquid properties of volume. At this stage the plant is introduced to the process, and the CO2 extracts the oils. From there, the Cannabinoid solution is diverted through a seperator where the CBD oil is secured and the CO2 is converted back to liquid. Once separated, the process can be restarted using the reclaimed CO2.
Once extracted, the process of Chromatography removes the chlorophyll and other phytochemicals. This reduces the aromatic plant flavor and green color. However, the additional process is time consuming and may impact the overall Cannabinoid profile.
In addition to CO2’s high rate of efficiency, approximately 90% capture rate, this method offers other advantages. The process is safer for those performing the extraction because it is not as volatile and flammable as Butane. Since CO2 is a trace gas found naturally in earth’s atmosphere, it considered by most to be environmentally friendly.
Butane CBD Extraction Method
Another common method of extraction is through the use of Butane. This method is highly efficient at isolating Cannabinoids. It’s efficiency is highlighted by not co-extracting unwanted phytochemicals. The major downfall of Butane is its combustible nature. It’s not uncommon to hear stories of lab explosions causing catastrophic structural damage and serious personal injuries.
Ethanol CBD Extraction Method
The Ethanol extraction method can be more effective than CO2 and safer than Butane. However, there are drawbacks. Since Ethanol is a polar solvent it can dissolve in water due to its attraction to water molecules electrical charges. This increases the risk of a “bad batch” due to chlorophyll contamination. These “contaminated” batches are simply an undesirable color, with a sharp, pungent, leafy flavor profile. Some companies are still refining and advancing the Ethanol method in hopes of minimizing the risks, and maximizing efficiency and recovery percentages.
Final Stages Of CBD Production
Decarboxylation is an important final step. When the oil is decarboxylated it converts from CBDA to CBD. This process increases the bioavailability of the CBD Oil, thus allowing faster uptake to the body’s endocannabinoid system. Although this process makes the oil ideal for consumption, the taste can still be objectionable. This is where the extract is combined with other carrier oils or processed into other products. The end result is a selection of high-quality, natural Lynx CBD products including Tinctures, Capsules, and Isolates.